Wednesday, October 14, 2009

Jamrud Fort

One of the major Tourist Attractions in Peshawar is the majestic Jamrud Fort. Jamrud, the small town located in the North-West Frontier Province of Pakistan, is the home to Jamrud Fort. Jamrud's proximity to Afghan border and Khyber pass, a part of Hidu Kush Range, has made it not only an important trade route between central Asia and the South Asia but also a strategic military base. That is why Peshawar Jamrud Fort had been under attack many a times. It serves as the gateway to the famous Khyber Pass. Jamrud Fort was built by the Sikhs in 1823. The wonderful architecture of Jamrud Fort in Peshawar is completely in harmony with the rugged terrain and surrounding. The Fort looks majestic with its jumble of towers and loop-holed walls. The fort lies about 20 kilometers east of Peshawar city. The huge stone arch of Jamrud Fort over the road make the formal entrance to the pass. As you pass under the arch you enter tribal areas inhabited by the Afridi tribes in Pakistan. The fort has survived several attacks and has witnessed many ups and downs of the Sikh dynasty during the early 19th century. In 1837, the Afghans attacked the Sikhs in Jamrud Fort during the Battle of Jamrud between the Afghans and Sikh ruler Sardar Hari Singh Nalwa. It is said that Jamrud Fort is the place where commander Sardar Hari Singh was fought his last battle and was killed by the Afghans. During the British colonial period Jamrud Fort served as a base for a cantonment of the British Indian Army. During the military operations of 1878-79 Jamrud Fort was proved to be of great importance as the frontier outpost on British territory towards Afghanistan. It was the headquarter of the Khyber Rifles also served as the military base during Tirah campaign in 1897-1898. provides detailed information on Jamrud Fort

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